Journal Current

(1) Body Types, Self-Image and Environmental Adjustment

Ruth H. Alexander
University of Florida

Abstract: Procedures employed in the study were the selection of 60 body typed subjects, the construction of a scale to measure self-image acceptance and the use of the College Student Questionnaires to measure environmental adjustment.

Citation: Alexander, R. H. (1972). Body types, self-image and environmental adjustment in freshman college females. Florida Journal of Educational Research, 14(1), 71-78.

Download:  Alexander.141.pdf (2323 downloads)

(2) Trend Surface Analysis: A New Tool for Educators

G. R. Boardman
University of Florida

Abstract: This paper deals with the general concepts of trend surface analysis and its application to education.

Citation: Boardman, G. R. (1972). Trend surface analysis: a new tool for educators. Florida Journal of Educational Research, 14(1), 94-98.

Download:  Boardman.141.pdf (116 downloads)

(3) Grouping Florida School Districts: A Factor Analytical Study

Martha J. Chang
University of Florida

Abstract: Socio-econornic, educational, and political data of the 67 Florida counties are examined. First the data are factor analyzed to identify common underlying dimensions, Next, a distance measure was used to set up a matrix of interprofile similarities to be factor analyzed to give types of counties. Thirteen meaningful factors could be substituted for the 74 variables. On transposed analysis, seven type factors were found for the Florida counties.

Citation: Chang, M. J. (1972). Grouping Florida school districts: a factor analytic study. Florida Journal of Educational Research, 14(1), 44-58.

Download:  Chang.14.1.pdf (113 downloads)

(4) The Making of Professions

Wilson H. Guertin
University of Florida

Abstract: Some reminiscences on the growth of clinical psychology as a profession are examined with the hope of finding implications for the beginnings of educational research as a profession.

Citation: Guertin, W. H. (1972). The making of professions. Florida Journal of Educational Research, 14(1), 89-93.

Download:  Guertin.141.pdf (121 downloads)

(5) The Multidimensional Assessment of Gains in School (MAGS): A Consumer-Oriented Product

Wilson H. Guertin
University of Florida

William H. Graves
University of Oklahoma

Abstract: An instrument is described which measures gains in the social, attitudinal, and motivational areas for fifth grade school children. Total gain is based upon consumer-specified weights for the factor analytically derived subscale scores.

Citation: Guertin, W. H., & Graves, W. H. (1972). The multidimensional assessment of gains in school (MAGS): a consumer-oriented product. Florida Journal of Educational Research, 14(1), 16-22.

Download:  Guertin1.141.pdf (113 downloads)

(6) Effects of Social Modeling on Classroom Performance

Michael S. Heffernan

Steven R. Forness

Abstract: The effects of peer modeling on academic task attention were examined in three subjects using a single- subject research design. Models we re chosen on the basis of playground observations and introduced for brief periods in the classroom near the target subjects. Positive effects were present in two subjects, but adverse effects were found in the third. Differential uses of modeling techniques in the classroom were discussed.

Citation: Heffernan, M. S., & Forness, S. R. (1972). Effects of social modeling on classroom performance. Florida Journal of Educational Research, 14(1), 3-9.

Download:  Heffernan.141.pdf (119 downloads)

(7) Arithmetic Computation Comparison in Traditional and Innovative Schools

Earl F. Hughes
Nova University

Abstract: In this study, arithmetic computation was the criterion variable in a comparison between an innovative and two traditional schools. The innovative school differed from the traditionalschools as it placed specific emphasis on fostering independent learning by including the students in individual academic decisions.

A single-classification analysis of covariance was used to com- pare the three schools with arithmetic concepts as the covariate and arithmetic computation as the criterion variable. The analysis resulted in a significant difference between schools. The major contribution to the difference carrie from one of the traditional schools performing better in arithmetic computation than either the other traditional school or the innovative school. The traditional school that was high on computation scores was lower than the innovative and the other traditional school on the arithmetic concept measure.

Citation: Hughes, E. F. (1972). Arithmetic computation comparison in traditional and innovative schools. Florida Journal of Educational Research, 14(1), 59-70.

Download:  Hughes.141.pdf (139 downloads)

(8) A Study of Changes in Self-Report Concerning Cultural Bias and Openness Toward Change Among Desegregation Workshop Participants

John A. Jones
Alachua County Schools (Fla.)

Abstract: The sixty five teachers who attended a desegregation workshop were administered two instruments which attempted to measure cultural bias and openness toward change. Upon factor analysis the Curriculum Change Measure yielded 14 factors. Comparisons of pre-test and post-test results showed that small changes had occurred in the desired direction, as measured by the Cultural Differentiation Measure and the Curriculum Change Measure.

Citation: Jones, J. A. (1972). A study of changes in self-report concerning cultural bias and openness toward change among desegregation workshop participants. Florida Journal of Educational Research, 14(1), 23-37.

Download:  Jones.141.pdf (134 downloads)

(9) Relationship Between Meaninglessness and School Achievement

Donald E. Myers
Nova University

Abstract: This study tested the relationship between meaninglessness and school achievement of eighth grade students. Meaninglessness (Seeman, American Sociological Review, 1959) scores were determined by a 10-item Likert scale constructed from student interviews. Factor analysis verified unidimensionality. School achievement {mean grade) was determined from three quarters of the school year in each of four subjects: English, mathematics, social science, and science. Ability (math and verbal) was measured by the Ohio Survey Test. Multiple linear regression used ability (verbal for social science and English; math for science and math), meaninglessness and a multiplicative term (ability x meaninglessness) as predictor variables and mean grade by subject as the criterion variables. Meaninglessness score predicted grades (except math) significantly (p=.05) better than ability alone.

Citation: Myers, D. E. (1972). Relationship between meaninglessness and school achievement. Florida Journal of Educational Research, 14(1), 79-87.

Download:  Myers.141.pdf (125 downloads)

(10) The Effectiveness of a Programmed Method of Instruction for Teaching Handwriting Skills to Migrant Children

George H. Olson
Florida State University

Abstract: A series of ingenuous programmed workbooks for teaching basic handwriting skills with immediate reinforcement were tested with migrant children in Florida. Eight classrooms at each grade level (2, 4, and 6) were assigned to treatment or control conditions. The second grade experimental group did significantly better than the control group although the teaching procedure was only used for two weeks.

Citation: Olson, G. H. (1972). The effectiveness of a programmed method of instruction for teaching handwriting skills to migrant children. Florida Journal of Educational Research, 14(1), 10-15.

Download:  Olson.141.pdf (143 downloads)

(11) The Development of a Measure of Attitude Toward School

Janice Smith
Broward County Schools (Fla.)

Abstract: The purpose of this factor analytic study was to examine an instrument that was developed as an attitudinal measure appropriate for elementary and junior high students. The instrument was needed to evaluate several programs, including ones involving poor readers.

Citation: Smith, J. (1972). The development of a measure of attitude toward school. Florida Journal of Educational Research, 14(1), 38-43.

Download:  Smith.141.pdf (136 downloads)